Workflow Management Coalition

Founded in 1993, the Workflow Management Coalition (WfMC) is a global organization of adopters, developers, consultants, analysts, as well as university and research groups engaged in workflow and BPM. The WfMC creates and contributes to process related standards, educates the market on related issues, and is the only standards organization that concentrates purely on process. The WfMC created Wf-XML and XPDL, the leading process definition language used today in over 80 known solutions to store and exchange process models. XPDL is a process design format for storing the visual diagram and all design time attributes.product attributes.

Reference Model

Workflow Reference Model Diagram

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Workflow Reference Model

In order to progress these objectives, the following working groups have been established:


Working Groups Objectives
Reference Model & Glossary Specify a framework for workflow systems, identifying their characteristics, functions and interfaces. Development of standard terminology for workflow systems.
Process Definition Tools Interface (1) Definition of a standard interface between process definition and modeling tools and the work flow engine(s).
Workflow Client Application Interface (2) Definition of APIs for client applications to request services from the workflow engine to control the progression of processes, activities and work-items.
Invoked Application Interface (3) A standard interface definition of APIs to allow the workflow engine to invoke a variety of applications, through common agent software.
Workflow Interoperability Interface (4) Definition of workflow interoperability models and the corresponding standards to support interworking.
Administration & Monitoring Tools Interface (5) The definition of monitoring and control functions.
Conformance To develop the Coalition's policy on product conformance against its specifications and agree an approach to vendor certification.



Related Papers
  • Reference Model - The Workflow Reference Model
    (WFMC-TC-1003, 19-Jan-95, 1.1) 211Kb pdf
  • Terminology & Glossary
    (WFMC-TC-1011, Feb-1999, 3.0) English: 198Kb pdf (Revised) French: (of Version 2.0) : 68Kb pdf German: 198kb
  • The Workflow Reference Model: 10 Years On (570kb PDF)
    David Hollingsworth, Fujitsu Services, United Kingdom; Chair, Technical Committee, WfMC. Last year saw the 10th anniversary of the Workflow Reference Model. This short paper reassesses the relevance of the Model in the current context of Business Process Management. It discusses the principles behind the Model, its strengths and weakness and examines how it remains relevant to the industry today. It concludes by introducing a number of considerations required to establish a

BPM Glossary